Henry Parkes the Premier of N.S.W. wanted a federation. Some of the small colonists didn’t want to do agree to this idea because they wouldn’t have as much say and would not have as much power.
The colonists did the same as the U.S.A by making the house of representatives depending on the number of people and the senate equal for each state.
The major problem Affecting Australian was the British parliament was still making the laws. They had to make a new Law allowing federation. In may, the British parliament passed the act and the queen signed it. It was a law that Australia could be come a country.
Around about this time there was a gold rush in Western Australia. Many people went there to find gold to survive that age. This contact with people from the other colonies began to change ideas about federation.. In August 1900 a referendum was held, and the people of Western Australia voted to join the Commonwealth.
A special election called a referendum was held so that people in the colonies could vote on the constitution. Queensland and Western Australia did not take part, and in New South Wales it did not get approved. The premiers met in 1899 to find ways of meeting the concerns of those three colonies.
On the 1st of January 1901 the Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed in Sydney.